INTERVENTIONS  

Jane photo.jpg

Jane Ardrey

PhD student for Interventions Theme at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine 

A QUALITATIVE STUDY OF THE SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS IMPLICATED IN THE ADOPTION OF A CLEAN COOKSTOVE INTERVENTION 

The aim of this qualitative study is to gain further understanding about the societal and cultural factors that influence adoption of a cookstove intervention in rural Malawi and how this can inform the future scale up of clean cooking technology. This research has been carried out within the Cooking and Pneumonia Study (CAPS).  

The specific objectives of the CAPS qualitative sub-study are to:  

  • Explore the household and gendered decision-making dynamics with regard to cooking and cooking-related practices and their relationship with cookstove purchase and use
  • Explore the perceived and experienced benefits of using improved cookstoves from the perspectives of trial participants and fieldworkers
  • Identify the barriers to exclusive use of improved cookstoves from the perspectives of trial participants and fieldworkers
  • Explore how trial participants perceive the relationship between trial processes (including relationships with fieldworkers and monitoring equipment) and their use of the cookstoves 

The study was based at the CAPS Chikhwawa field site and data collection took place between April 2016 and December 2016.  This study used use qualitative and participatory methodologies, since these are the most appropriate for identifying social phenomena in naturalistic settings and revealing the perspectives and priorities of the research subjects. This is important to elucidate the gendered socio-cultural context of cooking technologies, the specific barriers and motivators and their interactions in that context. Qualitative and participatory research approaches enable analysis by participants and allow for unexpected factors and interactions to emerge.  The specific methods used were: Photovoice, focus group discussions, and individual in-depth interviews and participant observation. 

Details of pilot work using Photovoice methodology are available in this manuscript: 

The Cooking and Pneumonia Study (CAPS) in Malawi: A Nested Pilot of Photovoice Participatory Research Methodology  
Ardrey J, Desmond N, Tolhurst R, Mortimer K (2016) The Cooking and Pneumonia Study (CAPS) in Malawi: A Nested Pilot of Photovoice Participatory Research Methodology. PLOS ONE 11(6): e0156500. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0156500 

A short film produced during pilot work can be viewed here

An image taken by Jane during fieldwork in July 2016 was selected for the Lancet Highlights 2016 publication and is available via the link below: Joanna Palmer, Zoë Mullan, Highlights 2016: moving pictures, In The Lancet, Volume 388, Issue 10063, 2016, Pages 2975-2988, ISSN 0140-6736, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)32532-6.